About Mgahinga Gorilla Park Uganda, Back Ground of Mgahinga Gorilla Park, Gorilla Trekking in Mgahinga Gorilla Park
About Mgahinga Gorilla Park Uganda, Back Ground of Mgahinga Gorilla Park, Gorilla Trekking in Mgahinga Gorilla Park, Attractions in Mgahinga Park. Mgahinga gorilla national park is the smallest park in the country. It is about 33.7sq km and situated in south western Uganda, in Kisoro district. The British administration declared the area a game sanctuary in 1930 and it was finally gazetted in 1991 and it is part of the Virunga conservation area. The park takes its name from “Gahinga” – the local word for the piles of volcanic stones cleared from farmland at the foot of the volcanoes.
Mgahinga Gorilla National Park sits in the clouds approximately at an altitude of between 2,227m and 4,127m. As its name portrays, the park was established to protect the rare mountain gorillas that inhabit its forests and the park is home for the endangered golden monkey.
Virunga Volanoes Mountains
This park adjoins the democratic republic of Congo’s Virunga national parks and Rwanda’s Volcanoes. Mgahinga gorilla national park usually experiences two wet seasons in the year that is February to May and September to December. Mgahinga forms part of the much larger Virunga Conservation Area which includes adjacent parks in boards of the three countries which it’s located. The volcanoes’ slopes contain various animal and plant life which is biologically diverse, and their peaks provide a striking backdrop to this gorgeous scenery.
The park comprises of a section of the forested slopes of the 3 extinct volcanoes. These large Virunga Volcano cones dominate the terrain when observed from a distance and stand in front of you as you drive to this nature gifted park. Immediately one arrives in the park, there is a distance of 15-minute walk to the viewpoint from the Ntebeko Gate and there you can enjoy breathtaking sights of the whole surrounding. The park actually is of a relevant biological use since it’s among those mountains which offer refuge for mountain associated animals plus plants that moved up or even down these slopes when the weather became warmer. The longtime Virungas are home to a huge variety of animal life, among which is almost half the population of the endangered tranquil mountain gorillas in the world.
Mgahinga Gorilla National Park is blessed with a calm climate which supports the thriving Afro-montane vegetation as well as the plentiful bamboo vegetation which is a delicacy to the endangered Mountain gorilla and the other types of vegetation in the park is the Lobelia, Haegenia spp.
The dominant ethnic groups of local people within the Kisoro District are Bafumbira who inhabit most of the Kisoro area and these people are mainly cultivators or farmers. The indigenous Batwa (Pygmies) who long ago inhabited the caves and primarily fed on wildlife do form the marginal ethnic group in the region. The abundant type of Vegetation is the bamboo (60%), which is a delicacy to the Mountain gorilla; other types of flora include the Lobelia etc.
The Indigenous Batwa
As well as being important for animal and plant life, the park also has a huge cultural valve particularly for the indigenous pygmies (Batwa). The Batwa tribe who are hunter-gatherers was the forest’s “Inhabitants”, and their traditional knowledge of its hidden aspects remains unrivaled.
Mgahinga’s most striking natural features are its three important conical and extinct volcanoes, part of the spectacular Virunga Range that lies along the border region of Uganda, Rwanda, and Congo. Mgahinga National Park covers a much larger Virunga Conservation Area which includes adjacent parks in these countries. The volcanoes’ slopes contain various biologically diverse ecosystems, and their peaks provide a striking backdrop to this gorgeous scenery.
People living in the area have sustainable and controlled access to the park and there are the Bafumbira who are cultivators and the Batwa (Pygmies) who once lived in the parking area and fed on wildlife and use many plants to make traditional medicine and supplementary diet.